What Is Robotics In AI? | Definition, Applications & Facts

Robotics is the branch of science and technology that deals with the design, construction, operation, and application of robots.

Robots are machines that can perform tasks that are usually done by humans or animals, such as moving, sensing, manipulating, communicating, and learning. Robotics is closely related to artificial intelligence (AI), engineering, and computer science.

AI is the field of study that aims to create machines and systems that can exhibit human-like intelligence, such as reasoning, problem-solving, learning, and creativity.

Engineering is the discipline that applies scientific and mathematical principles to design, build, and improve machines, structures, and systems.

Computer science is the study of computation and information, and how they can be represented, processed, and communicated by hardware and software.

Robotics in AI, engineering and computer science is revolutionizing the world in many ways.

Here are some of the benefits and applications of robotics in various domains:


Robotics can assist doctors and nurses in performing surgeries, diagnosis, rehabilitation, and patient care. For example, surgical robots can perform precise and minimally invasive operations, reducing the risk of infection and blood loss.

Robotic prosthetics and exoskeletons can help people with disabilities or injuries to restore their mobility and function. Robotic companions and caregivers can provide emotional and social support to elderly and lonely people.


Robotics can enhance the learning experience and outcomes of students and teachers. For example, educational robots can teach students various subjects, such as math, science, languages, and coding, in a fun and interactive way.

Robotic tutors can provide personalized and adaptive feedback and guidance to students, based on their learning styles and progress.

Robotic mentors can inspire and motivate students to pursue STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) careers.


Robotics can improve the efficiency, quality, and safety of production and assembly processes. For example, industrial robots can perform repetitive, tedious, and hazardous tasks, such as welding, painting, and packaging, faster and more accurately than humans.

Collaborative robots can work alongside humans, enhancing their skills and capabilities. Robotic vision and inspection systems can detect and correct defects and errors, ensuring high standards of quality and reliability.


Robotics can optimize the productivity, sustainability, and profitability of farming and food processing. For example, agricultural robots can perform tasks such as planting, harvesting, weeding, and spraying, reducing the need for human labour and chemical inputs.

Robotic drones can monitor and map crops, soil, and weather conditions, providing valuable data and insights for decision making.

Robotic food processing machines can sort, grade, peel, cut, and package food products, increasing the speed and hygiene of food production.


Robotics can help protect and conserve the environment and natural resources. For example, environmental robots can collect and analyze data on air, water, and soil quality, detecting and alerting about pollution and contamination.

Robotic waste management systems can sort, recycle, and dispose of waste, reducing the environmental impact and cost of waste management.

Robotic exploration and conservation robots can explore and monitor remote and inaccessible areas, such as oceans, forests, and space, discovering new species and phenomena, and protecting endangered wildlife and habitats.

The Bottom Line

Robotics in AI, engineering and computer science is an exciting and rapidly evolving field that has the potential to transform the world for the better.

By combining the power of machines and human intelligence, robotics can create new possibilities and solutions for the challenges and opportunities of the 21st century.


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